The Chinese Dynasties 中国朝代


Xià Cháo
夏朝
 - 
Shāng cháo
商朝
 - 
Xī Zhōu
西周
 - 
dōng zhōu
东周
 - 
chūn qiū
春秋
 - 
zhàn guó
战国
 - 
Qín

 - 
Xī Hàn
西汉
 - 
xīn

 - 
Dōng hàn
东汉
 - 
Sān guó
三国
 - 
Xī jìn
西晋


Dōng Jìn
东晋
 - 
shí liù guó
十六国
 - 
Běi Wèi
北魏
 - 
Dōng Wèi
东魏
 - 
Xī Wèi
西魏
 - 
Běi Qí
北齐
 - 
Běi Zhōu
北周
 - 
Suí cháo
隋朝
 - 
Táng

 - 
wǔ dài shí guó
五代十国


Běi Sòng
北宋
 - 
Nán sòng
南宋
 - 
liáo

 - 
jīn

 - 
Yuán cháo
元朝
 - 
míng zhāo
明朝
 - 
Qīng cháo
清朝
 - 
Zhōng huá Mín guó
中华民国
 - 
Zhōng huá Rén mín Gòng hé guó
中华人民共和国
北齐
Běi Qí
Qi of the Northern Dynasties (550-557)
北宋
Běi Sòng
the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
北魏
Běi Wèi
Wei of the Northern Dynasties (386-534), founded by the Tuoba 拓跋 branch of Xianbei 鮮卑|鲜卑
北周
Běi Zhōu
the Northern Zhou Dynasty (557-581) / one of the Northern Dynasties
东晋
Dōng Jìn
Eastern Jin dynasty 317-420
东魏
Dōng Wèi
Eastern Wei of the Northern dynasties (534-550), formed from the break-up of Wei of the Northern Dynasties 北魏
东汉
Dōng hàn
Eastern or later Han dynasty, 25-220
明朝
Míng cháo
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
明朝
míng zhāo
tomorrow morning / the following morning
南宋
Nán sòng
the Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279)

Qín
surname Qin / Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) of the first emperor 秦始皇|秦始皇[Qin2 shi3 huang2] / abbreviation of 陕西|陕西[Shan3 xi1]
清朝
Qīng cháo
Ch'ing or Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
商朝
Shāng cháo
Shang Dynasty (c.1600-1046 BC)
隋朝
Suí cháo
Sui dynasty (581-617)
三国
Sān guó
Three Kingdoms period following the break-up of the Han (220-280) / several Three Kingdoms periods in Korean history, esp. from 1st century AD to unification under Silla 新羅|新罗 in 658

Táng
Tang dynasty (618-907) / surname Tang
夏朝
Xià Cháo
Xia Dynasty (2070-1600 BCE)
西汉
Xī Hàn
Western Han or former dynasty (206 BC-8 AD)
西魏
Xī Wèi
Western Wei of the Northern dynasties (535-557), formed from the break-up of Wei of the Northern Dynasties 北魏
西周
Xī Zhōu
Western Zhou (1027-771 BC)
西晋
Xī jìn
the Western Jin dynasty (265-316)
元朝
Yuán cháo
Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)
中华民国
Zhōng huá Mín guó
Republic of China
中华人民共和国
Zhōng huá Rén mín Gòng hé guó
The People's Republic of China
春秋
chūn qiū
spring and autumn / four seasons / the year / a person's age / Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC) / Spring and Autumn Annals, chronicle of Lu State (722-481 BC) / used in book titles
东周
dōng zhōu
Eastern Zhou (770-221 BC)

jīn
gold / metal / money / the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234)

Jīn
surname Jin / surname Kim (Korean)

liáo
abbr. for Liaoning 遼寧|辽宁 province in northeast China / Liao or Khitan dynasty (907-1125)
十六国
shí liù guó
Sixteen Kingdoms of five non-Han people (ruling most of China 304-439) / also written 五胡十六國|五胡十六国
五代十国
wǔ dài shí guó
Five Dynasties (907-960) and Ten Kingdoms (902-979)

xīn
new / newly / meso- (chemistry)

Xīn
abbreviation for 新疆[Xin1 jiang1]
战国
zhàn guó
the Warring States period (475-221 BC)
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